The story is also used to strike a close resemblance between Agamemnon’s situation and his eventual death, with what Penelope is going through at the hands of unwanted suitors. He was descended from Tantalus, and was from a family that was infamous for rape, murder, incest, and treachery, and when he returned home from leading the Hellenic forces during the Trojan War, he was murdered by Aegisthus, who was adulterous with Agamemnon's wife. Our. Log in here. The pair treacherously carried out the murders of Agamemnon, his comrades, and Cassandra. Orestes, Agamemnon’s son, knew of how his father died but waited strategically until the opportune time came, and avenged his father by killing Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, his mother. In Agamemnon …Agamemnon landed in Argolis, where Aegisthus had, in the interval, seduced Clytemnestra. Aegisthus was the apparent lover in the triangle who killed Agamemnon in order to establish an intimate relationship with his wife. The story about Agamemnon, the infidelity of his wife Clytemnestra with Aegisthus, Agamemnon’s death at the hands of the two lovers, and the vengeance by his son Orestes on behalf of his father is repeated several times in the story because: Agamemnon is the commander-in-chief of the Greek forces fighting against Troy. Even though Agamemnon gets a shout-out in the play's title, Clytemnestra may well be its most interesting character. A beacon flashes, and he joyfully runs to tell the news to Queen Clytemnestra. Therefore, Agamemnon and his brother Menelaus had to take refuge with Tyndareus, the king of Sparta. Clytemnestra is his wife; Orestes is his son. There once came a day when Agamemnon's father, King Atreus, got dethroned and murdered by his brother, Aegisthus. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, https://www.owleyes.org/text/odyssey/read/book-iii, What are 3 examples of times when Odysseus demonstrated epic hero/god like qualities in. Aegisthus is the extreme example of improper hospitality while a man is away at war. Aegisthus and Clytemnestra then ruled Agamemnon's kingdom for a time, but the murder of Agamemnon was eventually avenged by his son Orestes with the help of Electra. The pair treacherously carried out the murders of Agamemnon, his comrades, and Cassandra. Homergives no information about Aegisthus' back-story. Sign up now, Latest answer posted January 02, 2020 at 8:42:07 PM, Latest answer posted June 24, 2009 at 12:15:10 AM, Latest answer posted August 23, 2011 at 7:15:25 PM, Latest answer posted October 08, 2009 at 10:24:33 AM, Latest answer posted February 04, 2016 at 10:43:27 PM. Agamemnon’s father Atreus killed several of Aegisthus’ brothers and fed them to their father Thyestes. When Agamemnon returned home from the war, he was brutally murdered by his unfaithful wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus. Aegisthus and Thyestes thereafter ruled over Mycenae jointly, exiling Atreus' sons, Agamemnon and Menelaus to Sparta, where King Tyndareus gave the pair his daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen, to take as wives. Agamemnon begins with a Watchman on duty on the roof of the palace at Argos, waiting for a signal announcing the fall of Troy to the Greek armies. What are the challenges that Odysseus had to face on his journey home? "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Sometimes spelled Aegisthus. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Teachers and parents! Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. Since that time, Aegisthus has been in exile awaiting a chance to seek revenge for the terrible crime. In Greek mythology, Aegisthus was the lover of Clytemnestra, and son of Thyestes and Pelopia. At some point, Nestor shares the full story of Agamemnon’s death with Telemachus in order to improve his understanding of how such a thing could happen to a noble man, and the importance to decisively face the situation. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Clytemnestra was unfaithful to her husband Agamemnon who was in battle at Troy. These were Aegisthus' brothers. While Agamemnon is treacherously slain upon returning home, Odysseus finds a loyal wife and son and prevails. Aegisthus explains his part of the vengeance cycle, that Agamemnon's father had served Aegisthus' father his sons as a feast. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. According to the accounts given by Pindar and the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, a blanket of cloth or a net having first been thrown over him to prevent r… The story is also used to show the difference between Clytemnestra and Penelope and also shows the benefits associated with fidelity and perseverance. Aegisthus. The story of Agamemnon, Aegisthus, Orestes and Clytaemenstra is a recurring theme during these first 4 books of the odyssey. After Clytemnestra murders Agamemnon, Aegisthus justifies his involvement by saying that the murder of Agamemnon also avenges Atreus’s crime against Aegisthus’s family. While Agamemnon is at Troy, Clytemnestra has an affair with Aegisthus. Agamemnon's cousin, and Clytemnestra's lover. -Graham S. The timeline below shows where the character Aegisthus appears in, ...ambitious and arrogant. We are on surer ground in the play’s final scene, which features the “defiance of tyrants” (here the new tyrants, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus) so familiar in ancient tragedy. Instant downloads of all 1379 LitChart PDFs The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Aegisthus and Agamemnon’s fathers were brothers. /iˈdʒɪsθəs/ (say ee jisthuhs) noun Greek Legend the cousin of Agamemnon; seduced Clytemnestra in the absence of her husband, Agamemnon, and later killed by her son, Orestes Aeschylus was from an aristocratic Greek family of Eleusis, an area west of Athens. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. As the years passed, and there was no word that the war was anywhere near an end, Clytemnestra weakened and welcomed the sensuous advances of Aegisthus. Eventually, Aegisthus is killed to avenge the death of Agamemnon. When Agamemnon returns from the war, Aegisthus and Clytemnestra kill him at a banquet (in violation of the all-important host-guest relationship). He appears later as a shade in the Land of the Dead where Odysseus comes to in the Odyssey, and warns Odysseus likewise to not create a big show on his own return to Ithaca, telling him that wives of the Achaeans can't be trusted, for fear that Penelopêhis wife might hav… It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and … Thyestes, having a long – time rivalry with his brother and king of Mycenae, Atreus, was advised by an oracle to have a son with his own daughter, Pelopia, who would then kill his brother. Are you a teacher? Agamemnon was afterwards slain by Clytaemnestra and her lover, Agisthos, in Argos after his grand return from Troy, in his house. Orestes' action is mentioned by Athena in Book 1 to spur Telemachus on to action. He may have also fought at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. He was Clytemnestra's lover, though she was married to Agamemnon, and helped her kill him. In retaliation, Orestes kills Aegisthus. Profoundly religious and a strong proponent of Athenian democracy, he fought at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE where his brother was killed. See more. Struggling with distance learning? Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Aegisthus definition, a cousin of Agamemnon who seduced Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife, and was later killed by Orestes. As Chad Turner stated, Aegisthus hated his cousin Agamemnon because Egg’s (Thyestes) dad and Aggie’s (Atreus) dad used to fight over the crown of Mycenae. Aegisthus and his father now took possession of their lawful inheritance from which they had been expelled by Atreus. Agamemnon's father boiled two of his rival's children--Aegisthus' brothers--and served them to him for dinner. Who does Odysseus encounter in the Land Of The Dead in Homer's. We learn from him only that, after the death of Thyestes, Aegisthus ruled as king at Mycenae and took no part in the Trojan expedition. Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus and Queen … You have to ask about each character one at a time. His brother is Menelaus, whose wife Helen is the cause of the whole affair. See Also: Thyestes, Clytemnestra, Pelopia, Atreus, Agamemnon, Orestes Aegisthus Q&A Who was Aegisthus? AGAMEMNON. Of his over 90 plays, only six have survived; the authorship of a s… According to the accounts given by the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, where she had first thrown a net or a blanket of cloth over him to prevent resistance and then killed him with an axe. (including. Meanwhile, his wife Clytemnestra was having an affair with no-one else but his foe Aegisthus. He conspired with her to kill her husband and was later murdered in revenge by Orestes, Agamemnon’s son. He began producing plays in the 490s BCE, winning his first victory in 484 BCE. After a stormy voyage, Agamemnon and Kassandra either landed in Argolis, or were blown off course and landed in Aegisthus' country. It is this story, and the courage of Orestes, that Athena employs to spur Telemachus into action regarding a similar situation facing his mother Penelope. Agamemnon's son Orestes later avenged his father's murder, with the help or encouragement of his sister Electra, by murdering Aegisthus and Clytemnestra (his own mother), thereby inciting the wrath of the Erinyes (English: the Furies), winged goddesses who tracked down wrongdoers with their hounds' noses and drove them to insanity. While Agamemnon was absent on his expedition against Troy, Aegisthus seduced Clytemnestra, and was so wicked as to offer up thanks to the gods for the success with which his criminal exertions were crowned. Aigisthos. (Aeschylus, Aga., ln. Aegisthus says he can die now that he has obtained revenge. The treacherous lover of Agamemnon’s wife, Klytaimestra. He later was avenged by his son Orestês who, with the help of Electra, killed their mother and Aegisthus. His father and Agamemnon's father were rivals for the throne. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Aegisthus and Agamemnon’s wife decide to kill Agamemnon so that they may continue their affair. While Agamemnon is away, Aegisthus plotted to seduce Clytemnestra and murder Agamemnon once he returned from the Trojan War. Aegisthus was the son of Thyestes and his daughter, Pelopia. Agamemnon (died c. 1240 BC) was the king of Mycenae in Greek mythology. 1602), thus explaining Aegisthus' action as justified by his father's curse). This is the first reference to the story of Agamemnon, Aegisthus, Orestes and Clytaemenstra. Clytemnestra. By interesting, we don't mean likable – after all, technically speaking, she is a liar, a two-timer, and a murderer. (Aegisthus was the son of Agamemnon's uncle, Thyestes, and Thyestes's daughter, Pelopia.) 4 All that can be said with confidence is that Strophius’ fides, or loyalty, contrasts with the lack of fides endemic in the palace at Argos. Clytemnestra's infidelity makes Penelope's faithfulness all the more brilliant. Unfazed, Clytemnestra interrupts them and goes on to reveal that Agamemnon’s cousin, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. The Chorus says they will stone him, ignoring the presence of his retainers. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Klytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife, had taken Aegisthus, son of Thyestes, as a lover. a new beginning. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. When Agamemnon came home, he was killed by either Aegisthus or Clytemnestra. In Agamemnon, by the Greek poet and dramatist Aeschylus, however, Clytemnestra was … Agamemnon, Clytemnestra & Aegisthus Photo Gallery In fulfilment of an oath, war was declared when Paris took Helen to Troy. On his return Agamemnon landed in Argolis, where Aegisthus had, in the interval, seduced Clytemnestra. Agamemnon and Aegisthus: Agamemnon the son of Atreus, Aegisthus the son of Thyestes Clytaemnestra (=Clytaemestra, Klytaimestra) and Cassandra : Cassandra the daughter of Priam (king of Troy), a captive from the war and Agamemnon's concubine; also, famously, a prophetess doomed to have no one believe her\ Homer mentions this over and over to provide a series of foils to Odysseus and his family. In Agamemnon, by the Greek poet and dramatist Aeschylus, however, Clytemnestra was made to do the killing.The murder was avenged by Orestes, who returned… Top subjects are Literature, History, and Business. In order not to be surprised by the return of Agamemnon, he sent out spies, and when Agamemnon cam… When Agamemnon came home he was slain by either Aegisthus (in the oldest versions of the story) or Klytemnestra. The Watchman Aegisthus and Clytemnestra then ruled Agamemnon's kingdom for a time, Aegisthus claiming his right of revenge for Agamemnon's father Atreus having fed Thyestes his own children (Thyestes then crying out "So perish all the race of Pleisthenes!" Clytemnestra also killed Cassandra. The references I have picked up on throughout the four books are as listed: - Book 1, page 4, Section 29-48. 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