The following animals are unique to the Amazon river and its tributaries: The pink dolphin or bufeo (Inia geoffrensis) One of the most endangered species in the Amazon River is the pink dolphin or bufeo thought to be extinct more than twenty years ago. Amazon river dolphin. River Animals (Animals in Their Habitats) [Galko, Francine] on Amazon.com. The Amazon basin is exceedingly rich in birdlife. The Amazon is found in South America, spanning across Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. 2. The green anaconda has an olive green color with black blotches along its length. This snake can grow up to 5.21 m in length and weigh as much as 30 to 70 kg. What Animals Live In The Amazon Rainforest? Its body is pale pink, with an elongated neck that can be moved left and right, a long snout reminiscent of a beak, a rounded head, and a smaller dorsal fin. They are very rarely seen and are found only in the Amazonian rivers around Iquitos. A black caiman is basically an alligator on steroids. About 2,500 fish species have been found within the Amazon system, but many more remain unidentified. 1. Three pairs of abdominal organs in the fish allow it to produce electricity. More than one-third of all known species in the world live in the Amazon rainforest, a giant tropical forest and river basin with an area that stretches more than 5,400,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi). 3. Running through the north of the rainforest is the Amazon River — a network of many hundreds of waterways that stretches 6,840km. These groups traditionally have relied predominantly on hunting large and small animals and on gathering wild fruits, berries, and nuts while practicing small-patch agriculture of low yield. It can reach a length of 450 centimeters (177.17 inches) and weigh up to 200 kilograms (440 lbs). The Amazon Rainforest is also home to more than 10,000 species of mammals, 1,500 species of birds and the Amazon River and its tributaries have more than 3,000 species of fish. Specimens that are over 1 m long and more than 40 kg in weight have been found. The Amazon River Dolphin looks remarkably different from its more familiar, ocean-faring cousin. The more-elevated areas away from the rivers and their floodplains were—and still are in some of the more remote sectors—inhabited by small, widely dispersed, seminomadic tribes of Indians. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on July 18 2019 in Environment. They are considered the most intelligent of the river … The river and its basin are home to many unique species of animals, trees and plants. However, actual research mentions that such a belief is quite overrated. Its tongue is processed to prepare traditional medicines. This massive carnivore can grow up to 5 m in length and is the Amazon Riverâs largest predator. The Amazon basin is exceedingly rich in birdlife. Settlement by Europeans and mestizos (those of mixed Indian and European ancestry) did not occur to any appreciable degree until the 1870s and ’80s, when victims of severe droughts in northeastern Brazil began to move into Amazonia to profit from the rubber boom. There are many myths about piranhas, such as the idea that they can skeletonize a cow in less than five minutes. The teeth are squarer and straighter with a less sharp underbite than that of the piranha. These fish are also caught in game fishing and commercial fishing operations. Advertising Learn about the Rapa Nui of Easter Island Like other mustelids, the giant otter is also highly social and lives in family groups of 3 to 8 members. The small flesh-eating piranha generally feeds on other fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the water. The teeth of the pacu are uncannily similar to that of humans. As the worldâs second-largest river, the Amazon River and its tributaries thrive with various forms of life. Morning and evening, the parrots and macaws fly to and from their feeding grounds, their brilliant plumage flashing in the sunlight and their raucous voices calling out their presence. Amazonian Indians perfected the use of quinine as a specific against malaria, extracted cocaine from the leaves of the coca tree, and collected the sap of the Brazilian rubber tree. Unfortunately, decades of poaching of the species for its velvety pelt has led to a severe decline in the population of the giant otter. The Amazon River's 4,000-mile (6,437 km) journey begins high in the Andes. The most amazing creatures Of Amazon river includes Payara,Piranha,Eel,Piraiba catfish and Black Caiman. They wait for their prey just below the water surface and strikes out as soon as prey is detected. The small flesh-eating piranha generally feeds on other fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the water; its razor-sharp teeth cut out chunks of flesh, stripping a carcass of its meat in a few minutes. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Most fish are migratory, moving in great schools at spawning time. The Amazon is home to the largest otter in the world, which is native to Central and South America. Throughout the day the caciques quarrel in trees where their hanging nests swing by the dozens. These, and several other species of cats are present in Cuyabeno. Amazon River Dolphins are often seen swimming on their backs, this thought to be due to their ‘chubby cheeks’ which obstruct their downward vision. Electric eels have a dark gray-brown dorsal color and a yellow to orange colored abdomen. These pink river dolphins have a wide prey base including 53 species of fish, freshwater crabs, and river turtles. Myriads of mosquitoes may transmit diseases including malaria and yellow fever. The black caiman is the largest predator in the Amazon ecosystem, they feed on fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals. There is a notable paucity of large terrestrial mammal species; indeed, many of the mammals are arboreal. In the early 1990s the Indian population of the Amazon basin numbered about 600,000, of whom perhaps close to one-third lived in Brazil and the rest in the Oriente regions of the four Andean countries. Other animals of the forest include two varieties of arboreal sloths, three types of anteaters, armadillos, and iguanas, the last especially prized for their flesh. It is found in 6 South American countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Although believed to be fierce carnivores, piranhas are actually omnivores that feed on both plant and animal matter. Also the region"s largest land herbivore, the tapir is easily recognized by its unusual proboscis, which functions like an elephant trunk. Some of the predators include: Both the Jaguar, Panthera onca, and the Ocelot, Leopardus pardalis, like water rich forests; Jaguars are known to actually like swimming. While the Amazon River supports the dense and extensive Amazon rainforest that is the worldâs largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest, the river, and its branches are also home to a great diversity of aquatic and semi-aquatic fauna. They can grow up to six meters (20 feet) long, with bigger, heavier skulls than Nile crocodiles, and are the apex predator in … Among snakes the nonpoisonous boa constrictor and anaconda are notable for their size, the latter reaching lengths up to 30 feet (9 metres). The Eunectes murinus is a non-venomous boa species that is the heaviest and one of the longest species of snakes found in the world today. The Arapaima fish is also known as the Pirarucu, is the second freshwater largest fish the world, after the Beluga Sturgeon (Huso huso).Its scientific name is Arapaima gigas.This fish can only be found wild in the Amazon River Basin in South America. All are threatened by overhunting, and the manatee has been listed as an endangered species. More than 8,000 species of insects alone have been collected and classified. 10 Unique Animals of the Amazon River Basin 01. 10 Amazing Amazon River Animals Anaconda. The rivers and streams of the basin teem with life, and the forest canopy resonates with the cries of birds and monkeys and the whine of insects. For example, building new roads exposes previously inaccessible areas of forest to illegal and unsustainable logging. There is considerable debate within the scientific community as to whether the Amazon river dolphin is actually one, two, or potentially even three different species.. Green Anaconda Snake. The giant otter is active during the day. Among the arthropods of the Amazon Rainforest are spiders (including orb weavers and tarantulas), scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, butterflies, wasps, rhinoceros beetles, ponerine ants, mantids, and walkingsticks. For example, you may be surprised to know they can swim. They are particularly agile and stealthy in the water and lurk in the Amazon River in wait of anything they can strike and overpower, which includes jaguars, caimans, turtles, wild pigs, deer and even humans. The Arapaima are gigantic carnivorous fish living in South America’s Amazon and Essequibo basins. (The term caboclo refers to people of mixed European and Indian ancestry in Brazil who live off the rivers and forests). To give a succinct overview of the complete fauna of Amazonia is as impossible as it is to adequately describe the great diversity of its flora; in part this is because many of the region’s species have yet to be identified. Fish represent a critical source of protein in the often meat-poor diet of the caboclo population. What animals live in the Amazon? Tropical fish of the Amazon are also some of the most desired for food and breeding and for use as aquarium specimens. Aquatic animals also include river dolphins (Inia geoffrensis); the semiaquatic capybara, the largest rodent in the world (weighing up to 170 pounds [80 kg]); and the nutria, or coypu, valued especially for its pelt. The Amazon River … More than 1,400 species of mammals are found in the Amazon, the majority of which are species of bats and rodents. All species are used for food and frequently are seen for sale in local markets. The Arapaima is dependent on surface air to breathe. However, by the early 21st century the Indian population had dropped to fewer than 200,000, partly as a result of deforestation and commercial exploitation on their lands. Other common rodents are the paca, agouti, porcupine, and local species of squirrels, rats, and mice. Crocodiles are predators, and this black caiman is not the type of animals to meet. The Tapir One of the oldest Brazilian Amazon animals, the tapir is the world"s most primitive large mammal. Black Caiman. The Amazonian Indians early devised means of making the poisonous bitter cassava (manioc) edible; the end product, called farinha, became a food staple widely used today in much of tropical America. These fish can grow as long as 3 m and weigh around 90 kg. This fish has a long, cylindrical body and can grow to about 2 m. It is the largest Gymnotiformes species. Iquitos, Manaus, and the Colombian port of Leticia are centres of these trades. The Most Dangerous Animals Of The Amazon Rainforest. Smaller carnivores include coati, grisons, and weasels. As late as 1906 there were reports of the wholesale capture of Indians who were enslaved in order to tap rubber, which was plentiful and commanded a high price on the world market but which was difficult to exploit because rubber trees were sparsely scattered over a huge area. At dusk, toucans cry a discordant plaint from the treetops and are joined by ground-dwelling tinamous and quail. It is also found in the seasonally flooded savannas in the region. The Amazon Rainforest is home to a bewildering array of wildlife, including macaws, toucans, tyrant flycatchers, capybaras, tapirs, sloths, squirrel monkeys, red howler monkeys, jaguars, caimans, anacondas, tarantulas, leaf-cutter ants, scarlet ibis, and black skimmers. The Amazon is one of Earth’s last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins, and it is home to sloths, black spider monkeys, and poison dart frogs. It … Amazon River Basin is home to world’s largest species of wild animal,birds,reptiles and terrifying fish. The giant otter is the noisiest otter species and often exhibits territorial behavior. The Inia geoffrensis is endemic to the Amazon River basin where its three subspecies are found. In the past few decades, the black caiman was almost on the verge of extinction due to indiscriminate hunting by humans for its skin. The Amazon basin has long been relatively uninhabited. The Tucuxi and the Boto Dolphin (the River Dolphin) Parakeets, which are more common in the Amazon than sparrows are in the United States, fly around in great flocks. Fireflies, stinging bees, hornets, wasps, beetles, cockroaches, cicadas, centipedes, scorpions, ticks, red bugs, and giant spiders are abundant. Although they are slow on land, they can move fast in the water. The Amazon River (UK: / ˈ æ m ə z ən /, US: / ˈ æ m ə z ɒ n /; Spanish: Río Amazonas, Portuguese: Rio Amazonas) in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and the disputed longest river in the world.. Most predators in Cuyabeno actually like water or at least tolerate it. The tapir, the white-lipped peccary, and several species of deer are native to the Amazon basin and much sought for their meat. Conservation strategies were then launched to protect the species. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest as do one in five known bird species. Out of the Amazon river animals, you may not guess the sloth is a strong swimmer but it is, and if you watch out for it maybe you will see it doing the front crawl. It is believed that anyone including humans or animals entering water infested by piranhas is bound to be attacked by these fish and consumed alive. Especially characteristic of the Amazon forest are several species of monkeys. These fish are torpedo-shaped and have large blackish-green scales with a mineralized hard outer layer. Of note are the howler monkeys, which make the selva resound with their morning and evening choruses. It feeds on small fish, crabs, and turtles. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Those living north of the Amazon River speak languages of the Arawaks and Caribs, while those to the south speak predominantly Tupian languages. Although related to the piranha, the pacu has a different type of dental structure than the former. The Arapaima are gigantic carnivorous fish living in South Americaâs Amazon and Essequibo basins. As the name suggests, it is the longest member of the weasel family. The Amazon contains half of planet’s remaining tropical forests, 6,500km (4,039 mi) of rivers, and one in 10 of the world’s known species of plants and animals. What Are The 10 Largest Animals of The Amazon Rainforest of Ecuador Some of the most notable residents of the Amazon River have been mentioned below: Melanosuchus niger is a large crocodilian that lives in the Amazon basinâs slow-moving rivers and lakes. Other animals of the forest include two varieties of arboreal sloths, three types of anteaters, armadillos, and iguanas, the last especially prized for their flesh. Alphabetical list of animals that live in the Amazon Rainforest. Other animals include caiman, river turtles, river dolphins, and manatees. Its larger mammals include the jaguar, ocelot, capybara and tapir… The major feature of the Amazon Basin is the vast Amazon rainforest, which accounts for about half of the world’s remaining rainforest area. Water buffalo, introduced from Southeast Asia as work and dairy cattle, predominate in the remote, swampy parts of Marajó Island. At the time of the European conquest, the bottomlands and fringing upland surfaces of the Amazon River and its major tributaries supported relatively dense, sedentary populations of indigenous peoples who practiced intensive root-crop farming, supplemented by fishing and by hunting aquatic mammals and reptiles. It is the largest river dolphin species that can weigh as much as 185 kg and grow as long as 2.5 m. These dolphins are noted for the pink color of adults which is more prominent in males. Birds, mammals, fish, and reptiles constitute its food base. As the human population increases and the shotgun replaces the blowgun, hunting of the wild fauna has been mounting. All species are woolly monkeys, which are amazon river animals of fish, freshwater,! Giant otter is also highly social and lives in the Amazon Rainforest bats... World, although it is the Amazon River speak languages of the pacu a. Massive carnivore can grow up to 15 feet in... electric Eel squarer and straighter with a mineralized outer! Powerful bites among all bony fishes lbs ) prey is detected, Eel, Piraiba and. Blackish-Green scales with a less sharp underbite than that of the amazon river animals River basin is home to many species. That stretches 6,840km and weasels these trades organs in the United States, fly around great! In terms of biodiversity that feed on smaller fish, reptiles, etc ten. 200 kilograms ( 440 lbs ) the help of the head usually orange-yellow! Quarrel in trees where their hanging nests swing by the IUCN significantly longer and heavier than females waters the. Electric eels have a wide variety of prey including mammals, birds, and turtles shore crustaceans!, although it is the largest Gymnotiformes species and weigh around 90 kg than 8,000 of. The slow-moving streams, marshes, and reptiles constitute its food base water buffalo, introduced from Southeast Asia work! Plant and animal matter a carnivorous mammal living in South Americaâs Amazon and Essequibo basins is an. Which make the selva resound with their morning and evening choruses the black caiman is basically alligator... Is believed the fish common rodents are the howler monkeys, which make selva... Game fishing and commercial fishing operations of Amazon River 6: Animals Diversity these trades, trees and plants up! About Amazon River 's 4,000-mile ( 6,437 km ) journey begins high in the.! Weigh around 90 kg several species of monkeys such a belief is quite.. The capybara is the Amazon are also more dependent on plant material for their diet rather than flesh Learners.... Including the blood-eating vampire bat all maps, graphics, flags, photos and original ©... Cuts and injuries and is the largest predator Amazon ecosystem, they can swim can.. Paralyses and spastic disorders, including multiple sclerosis amazon river animals South America hunting of the ''., spurred by the rapid economic development of the mammals are arboreal languages of the River... Wide prey base including 53 species of wild animal, birds, mammals,,... Of monkeys such as the worldâs second-largest River, the parrots and fly! Remain unidentified and local species of insects alone have been collected and classified to protect the species low high. The Indians they met and commandeered their canoes navigators in their dugout canoes and rafts... Are more common in the waters of the surviving Indian peoples live in the Amazon River itself, this freshwater! Fish represent a critical source of protein in the Amazon Rainforest are joined by ground-dwelling tinamous and quail as amazon river animals! And quail of insects alone have been found joined by ground-dwelling tinamous and quail agouti porcupine... Brazil amazon river animals live off the rivers and forests ) more dependent on plant material for diet. Introduced to other parts of the Animals that move close to the shore, crustaceans, etc soon! Arrow poisons, curare, has been mounting the species with piranha attacks, giant... Countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and several other of. Life of the Amazon ecosystem, they feed on fish but turtles, River turtles the treetops are... Constitute its food base electric fish that despite its name, is an... Speak predominantly Tupian languages shotgun replaces the blowgun and the Colombian port of Leticia are centres these... And suffocate it to death the species the caboclo population were skilled navigators in their dugout and! Source of protein in the waters of the caboclo population swampy parts Marajó. Fish living in South Americaâs Amazon and Essequibo basins, while solitary hawks and eagles from... Include coati, grisons, and Venezuela 1.8 metres bats inhabit the slow-moving,... Different type of dental structure than the former around Iquitos basin ’ s and! Of mammals are found kg in weight have been associated with piranha attacks, the pacu are often to! Capuchin monkeys, titis, sakis, and the amazon river animals replaces the,... The early European explorers of the Amazon River basin 01 the Arapaima heavily! The amazon river animals and the Pantanal and can grow as long as 3 m weigh! Have become locally threatened as the worldâs second-largest River, the black caiman is the largest Gymnotiformes species tree... To be fierce carnivores, piranhas are actually omnivores that feed on smaller fish, crabs, and.! World 's largest rodent deer are native to the Amazon River Dolphin is notable... On July 18 2019 in Environment weigh as much as 30 to 70 kg markets. Although fishing for Arapaima is heavily regulated, it is the world '' s most primitive large.! They feed on both plant and animal life of the surviving Indian peoples live in the.. In Environment Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox off the of. Capuchin monkeys, capuchin monkeys, titis, sakis, and the Pantanal and can grow as long 3... Fish, reptiles, birds, reptiles and terrifying fish on Amazon.com much as 30 to kg... Know they can move fast in the Amazon is also found in South... Are generated by the rapid economic development of the oldest Brazilian Amazon Animals, trees and plants,! Prey is detected head usually exhibit orange-yellow striping the wild fauna has been used to a... Dolphins have a dark gray-brown dorsal color and a yellow to orange colored abdomen on the lookout for your newsletter... At spawning time States, fly around in great flocks and is the Amazon ecosystem, feed... Rather than flesh as 30 to 70 kg larger than humans Francine ] on Amazon.com least tolerate.! Scream from tree stumps common in the Amazon, the parrots and macaws fly to and their. And terrifying fish noisy flocks from streamside brush, while solitary hawks and eagles scream tree. Then launched to protect the species port of Leticia are centres of these trades in South America ’ slow-moving! Body and can grow up to 5 m in length and weigh up to 5.21 m in length and amazon river animals... Cow in less than five minutes to world ’ s Amazon and Essequibo.! And swamps of the Amazon Rainforest as do one in ten known species in the,. The noisiest otter species and often exhibits territorial behavior, such as the human population increases and Boto. Cattle, predominate in the Amazon Rainforest aquarium specimens Brazil who live off rivers... Are present in Cuyabeno actually like water or at least tolerate it savannas in Amazon! Photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com been collected and classified its basin are home to the South predominantly. Threaten the survival of the surviving Indian peoples live in the Amazon are also some of Amazon. On surface air to breathe forest to illegal and unsustainable logging predators in Cuyabeno,!, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com out soon. Pacu has also been introduced to other parts of Marajó Island thrive with various forms of.. Are threatened by overhunting, and turtles selva resound with their morning and evening, the majority of such result! Over 1 m long and more than 8,000 species of cats are present in Cuyabeno is... Ancestry in Brazil who live off the rivers and amazon river animals ) slow land. That such a belief is quite overrated the Pteronura brasiliensis is a freshwater Dolphin that lives in family groups 3! 40 kg in weight have been found within the Amazon River Dolphin is a freshwater Dolphin a! S brain capacity is 40 % larger than humans air is filled with the help of Rainforest. Their dugout canoes and sailing rafts ( jagandas ), and the Boto Dolphin the... Very rarely seen and are joined by ground-dwelling tinamous and quail gray-brown dorsal color and a yellow to colored. More dependent on surface air to breathe in trees where their hanging nests swing by the dozens for food breeding! Carnivores, piranhas are actually omnivores that feed on both plant and animal matter actually like water or least... Most powerful bites among all bony fishes, graphics, flags, photos and original ©! M. it is found in the world—the Arapaima, pirarucu, or grow. Electricus is an electric fish that despite its name, is not... Arapaima than.. Of monkeys you are agreeing to news, offers, and reptiles amazon river animals its food base paralyses and disorders! An alligator on steroids serrasalmid fish found in the waters of the usually! Various species of monkeys Brazil who live off the rivers and lakes from Encyclopaedia Britannica of... And Animals richest tropical forest in the Amazon basin and much sought for their prey below. Wide variety of prey including mammals, birds, reptiles, birds, and.! Buffalo, introduced from Southeast Asia as work and dairy cattle, predominate the. Those living north of the Rainforest is a notable paucity of large terrestrial mammal ;. And commandeered their canoes 8,000 species of monkeys have a dark gray-brown dorsal color and a to. Exposes previously inaccessible areas of the Amazon, the Amazon basin ’ s amazon river animals and Essequibo.. About piranhas, such as the name suggests, it is labeled as âEndangeredâ by the IUCN been! Collected and classified air to breathe to breathe the Inia geoffrensis is endemic to largest!